Moving from EU / EEA

The moving to Åland-checklist is intended to help you with the most important practical issues related to moving.

Please note that the list does not necessarily include all of the things you must take care of when moving to Åland.

Before moving to Åland

Find a job

Search for vacancies on employment service websites, newspapers or social media services (for example, Facebook and LinkedIn).

When looking for a job in Åland, you usually take advantage of Ålands arbetsmarknads- & studieservicemyndighet (AMS) (The Public Employment Service) or the EURES portal.

AMS 

EURES portal

Newspapers Ålandstidningen and Nya Åland

Is your qualification eligible in Åland/Finland?

In many jobs, it is enough that your employer finds your qualifications and professional competence suitable for the job. If the qualifications required in a profession are laid down by law, you will need a decision on the recognition of your qualifications.

Professions that require a recognition decision can be found in health care and teaching, for instance. A person whose higher education degree is completed abroad may need a decision also when applying for a civil service post or position in Åland/Finland, for which the statutory eligibility requirement is a higher education degree or a higher education degree of a certain level.

In some fields, you will be required to acquire a pass or card in order to prove your proficiency in a certain area. Many of the cards are statutory and they grant you the right to practice your profession.

Before acquiring a pass or a card, you usually participate in training that ends with the actual test. The tests are usually subject to a fee.

If you have obtained your proficiency qualification in another EU/EEA country, you can have it validated by the following authorities;

Valvira (health care sector)

Åland Government’s Department of education and culture, Utbildningsbyrån, (exam in pedagogics)

Åland Government’s Department of social care, Socialvårdsbyrån, (exam in social services)

Åland Gymnasium Adult education (other)

Learn the language

Swedish is the official language on Åland. You can start learning Swedish before you move to Åland, for example through an online learning resource.

Swedish courses online

Courses in Swedish language on Åland

Register your right of residence

If you plan to stay in Åland/Finland for more than three months, you must register your right of residence at the Finnish Immigration Service (Migri/Migrationsverket). The application must be submitted within three months of the day of arrival.

Finnish Immigration Service

Read more about EU citizens on the InfoFinland page

The online service of the Finnish Immigration Service

Inform about you moving abroad

Contact the authorities in your home country to find out what kind of information they need before you move abroad.

Removal goods from the EU area

If you move to Åland from another EU member state, you do not usually have to pay duties or value-added tax for your removal goods, i.e. the personal property you bring with you. Nor do you have to declare your removal goods to customs (tullen).

Please note that the exemption from duty and tax of removal goods does not concern alcohol or tobacco. Separate restrictions apply to the import of these.

For more information, contact the Customs Information Service at +358 (0)295 5201 or go to the Finnish Custom’s website. The Customs Information Service provides assistance in Finnish, Swedish and English.

Finnish Customs

Bringing a car to Åland as removal goods

When bringing a car to Åland as removal goods, you must declare it to customs. If you bring your car to Åland, you must register it and pay a car tax (bilskatt) before you can use it in traffic.

It is possible to use the car temporarily before car tax has been paid. This requires that a commissioning notification for the car is made to the Tax Administration. Your car must also have a motor insurance policy valid on Åland.

Then contact Fordonsmyndigheten på Åland for registration of your car and to obtain Åland car registration plates.

Fordonsmyndigheten på Åland

If you have questions regarding car tax and commissioning notification, you can call the Tax Administration telephone service:

+358 (0)29 497 152 (English)

Customs – vehicles as removal goods

Car taxation – when you buy or bring into Finland a car not earlier registered in Finland

Importing pets

If you want to bring a pet with you to Åland, you should find out beforehand about the rules for importing animals. Often certain vaccinations, for example, are required for animals.

If you have questions regarding importing pets, you can contact Ålands miljö- och hälsoskyddsmyndighet (ÅMHM):
Tel: +358 (0)18 528 600
kansliet@amhm.ax

The Finnish Food Safety Authority (Livsmedelsverket) also provides more information about the rules applicable in Finland.

Finnish Food Authority: Bringing an animal from another EU country

After moving to Åland

Notification of move to the Population Information System in Åland

You must submit a notification of move to the local Register Office (Magistraten) in Mariehamn within a week after your move at the latest.

The notification of move shall be done personally by visiting the Register Office. The visiting address is Statens Ämbetsverk, Torggatan 12.

Please remember to bring your valid personal identification document. If you move with underaged children the personal identification document shall include the names of the child’s parents and guardians.

Finnish personal identification code

If you come from abroad to work in Åland/Finland, you need a Finnish personal identity code (personbeteckning). You can get a personal identity code at the local register office (magistraten) or tax office (skattebyrån). Bring with you:

  • a valid identity card or passport
  • a contract of employment

You can also get a Finnish personal identity code at the Immigration Service during the registration of your EU citizen’s right of residence.

Read more on the InfoFinland page EU citizens
 

Social security

You are entitled to social security benefits in Åland when you move here for a job in which your minimum salary is € 696.60 per month. The majority of Kela/FPA benefits require you to move to Åland permanently to be entitled to them. In addition, you must meet the same requirements for benefits as other residents of Åland and Finland.

If you are in need of social security benefits you must submit an application to Kela/FPA. In your application for social security benefits you shall also include a notification of move to Åland (form Y77e).

The social security benefits include for example the following;

  • FPA-card (needed when visiting the public health care centre, hospital and pharmacy),
  • child benefit,
  • general housing allowance,
  • sickness allowance,
  • medicine expenses or
  • pension.

Contact information to FPA Åland:
Visiting address: Nygatan 7A in Mariehamn
Post address: FPA Åland, PB 57, AX-22101 Mariehamn, Åland.
mariehamn@fpa.fi

Download the form on FPA’s website (form Y77e)

You can submit your application online to FPA if you have Internet Bank codes/BankID to a bank in Åland/Finland.

To FPA’s online services

For more information about applications and conditions for social security benefits;

or

More information on social security in Finland is available on the InfoFinland web page Finnish social security

Quick guide when you move to Finland – a movie about Social security in Finland

Bank account

You will need a bank account in order to handle your day-to-day finances. When opening a bank account, you need a passport or some other official identity card. It’s a good idea to compare the services and prices of different banks so that you will find the most advantageous option for you.

Tax card

All people working in Åland/Finland need to have a tax card. Your employer needs it for salary payment and taxation. If you work in construction, you also need a tax number (skattenummer).

In Åland you can get the tax card and tax number at the local taxation office, Ålands skattebyrå:

Address:
Ålands skattebyrå, Statens Ämbetshus, Torggatan 12, 22100 Mariehamn.

Phone:
National switch board; +358 (0)29 512 001
Personal and corporation taxation in Åland; +358 (0)29 497 094

Read more on taxation in Finland on the InfoFinland web page Taxation

Setting up

Home insurance

Once you have a flat, it is worthwhile taking out a home insurance policy (hemförsäkring). Home insurance covers, for example, damage to your furniture and other articles. Home insurance policies are sold by insurance companies.

In Åland you can take out home insurance with the following companies that also offer other types of insurances, such as personal and car insurances;

Mobile phones and Internet

Ålcom and Midax offer mobile phone subscriptions and Internet connection and broadband services. Broadband is also offered by IP Connect.

Contact:

TV licence

Currently, the TV license fee is €220 per year and it is paid by every household that has at least one TV set. You will not need to pay more if you have multiple devices.

Notification of a TV licence is submitted to Åland Government (Ålands landskapsregering)

Taxation

In Finland and Åland, you pay income tax (inkomstskatt) on your salary. You must also pay taxes on the following income:

  • payment for labour or service
  • business income
  • unemployment allowance
  • parental allowance
  • pensions
  • study grant

With tax money, the state and municipalities pay for the following, for example:

  • health care
  • education
  • day care

The taxation is progressive. This means that the tax rate (the share of taxes) is larger for a larger salary than for a smaller salary. A withholding tax percentage (skatteprocent) is calculated separately for each person in Finland. The spouse’s income does not affect your withholding tax percentage. 

If you work less than six months in Åland there are two alternatives for your taxation:

  1. 35 percent tax at source. This is final and flat tax, i.e. it is not depending on the amount of the income
  2. Progressive tax: your working income can be taxed progressively. The tax rate depends on your total income.

To get an idea of how you will be taxed in Åland we recommend you to use the Tax Percentage Calculator;

See the Tax Percentage Calculator

More detailed information on taxation can be obtained at Tax administration office, Skattebyrån, in Mariehamn, phone +358 29 512 001.

Read more on taxation in Finland on the InfoFinland web page Taxation

Health care

Åland provides both public and private health services. You can use public health services if you have a municipality of residence on Åland. Public health services include, for example, health centres. Public services are much less expensive than private ones. In addition, employers in Åland are obliged to provide occupational health care service for their employees.

If you want to book an appointment with a doctor, contact a health centre. If you are not entitled to use public health services, you can visit a private medical clinic.

Further information on health care on Åland

Driving licence

If you have a driving licence issued in a Nordic country, an EU member state or an EEA country, it is also valid on Åland. You can exchange it for an Ålandic driving licence if you are residing on Åland permanently.

You can exchange your driving licence for an Ålandic driving license at Åland Police authority.

If you are a resident of Åland and wish to renew your driving licence, you should contact the Åland Police authority no later than one month before the validity period of your driving  licence expires.

Phone +358 18 527100

e-mail: registratur.aland@polisen.ax

Police Authority in Mariehamn

 

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